Bariatric Surgery Risks

If you are about to undergo bariatric surgery, you need to have an idea of the risks associated with it.

Some are minor side effects, but others are major issues. Your surgeons and doctors will go over all potential issues before the surgery takes place.

However, it’s smart to know what to expect before you have a consultation.

This will allow you to ask the appropriate questions and feel more comfortable with the surgery.

Today we want to discuss the majority of the bariatric surgery risks you will face. Some will pertain to certain types of bariatric surgery, but most of them are possible with any of the surgery options.

Dumping Syndrome

We wouldn’t consider this to be the most appealing name for a risk, but none of them should be. If you’re dealing with dumping syndrome, it means the undigested items in your stomach get dumped into the small intestine.

While this might not sound like a big deal, the dumping is too fast, which creates cramps, nausea, and sometimes vomiting.

Bariatric surgery risks like this usually occur after eating a meal. Sometimes the stomach isn’t ready for what you’re about to offer it.

You will spend a lot of time on a liquid diet, eating pureed foods, and even soft foods before you get back to those normal habits.

If you find yourself dealing with dumping syndrome, it’s a good idea to tell your doctor and possibly adjust your diet as well.

High Blood Pressure

Even though there are millions of people with heightened blood pressure levels, it’s never good for the body.

It can easily lead to heart disease or stroke, especially if you are overweight.

You would think a bariatric surgery would lower your blood pressure, and that’s true, but not until later on down the road.

It’s not too difficult to see if you have high blood pressure. There are several machines around the local grocery stores and places like Wal-Mart, which is a great place to check if you do not want to schedule an appointment with your doctor. Unfortunately there are no real symptoms to associate high blood pressure with, unless it’s extremely high.

In this case you might experience:

  • Blood in urine
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Chest pain
  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Pounding sensations in chest, ears, and/or neck


These are something that forms either in the gallbladder or the bile duct. You can get them without going through bariatric surgery, but the risk is increased when you do.

The pebble-like stones become extremely painful and block the normal flow of bile. It’s also possible to experience fever and chills while dealing with gallstones.

Gallstones can also make you feel like you’re having chest pains.

If you come across some of these problems, it’s a good idea to contact your doctor. Sometimes this will require an additional surgery if the gallstones cannot dissolve through medication.


Bariatric surgery makes the body weak, especially around the stomach.

If you try to do too much before a doctor clears the activity, you could tear or rip the fascia. This is the strong layer of wall that surrounds your muscle.

There are several different types of hernia surgeries, but it depends on the extent and location of your problem.

In order to reduce the bariatric surgery risks associated with hernia; don’t overexert yourself throughout the recovery. Take your time, because patience is the key to getting back to your daily regimen.

Leakage of Fluid

Early after your bariatric surgery, there are some common issues that might develop.

One of them is leakage of fluid. This will come from the stomach or intestine and make its way through the sutures or staples. Without the proper care this can turn into an abdominal infection.

While it is rare, those who experience it will have to go through another surgery.

There are a couple precautionary measures you can take (e.g. bed rest and non-movement), but sometimes it occurs and has nothing to do with your own actions.

Spleen Injuries

Probably one of the rarest complications during or after bariatric surgery, spleen injuries do occur.

If the bleeding can’t be controlled, it’s possible you will have to have the spleen removed.


Patients who end up with ulcers are usually smokers or they are taking arthritic medication.

The possibility you will endure this risk is about 4%. Be sure to consult your physician about ulcers before making a decision about your surgery.

Rare Obstruction

One out of every hundred bariatric surgery patients end up with an obstruction of the stoma.

The only way it can happen is when a piece of food gets stuck in the stoma. While it does not require a major surgery to fix it, they will still need to get it out through your mouth.

Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency

When you’re recovering from bariatric surgery, it’s important to get all the necessary vitamins and minerals to bring you back to health.

If you cannot recover the lost nutrients, you could experience:

  • Hair thinning and/or loss
  • Circles underneath the eyes
  • Loss of muscle

One of the first parts of your diet is drinking a protein liquid to stave away muscle loss.

You will also need Iron, as well as a daily dose of vitamins to keep other health issues from occurring.

Dehydration/Dry Skin/Diarrhea

All three of these bariatric surgery risks can develop due to a lack of water.

Your first two weeks after the surgery are crucial, especially when it comes to getting enough H2O.

Unfortunately, you are only allowed to drink a certain amount of water every hour, so staying disciplined with your schedule is important.

Dry skin and diarrhea are due to the body’s dehydration levels. If you can get enough water in your system without overdoing it, your dry skin and diarrhea problems will disappear.

These are the majority of the bariatric surgery risks you could end up dealing with over time. Some of them are minor and won’t last for more than a few minutes. However, there are others that require you to have additional surgeries.

Hopefully with the right support and knowledge in the beginning, the only surgery you will need is bariatric surgery.

It is incredibly important to understand the risks, as well as how you can help minimize them.

That being said, if you are now ready to make your first steps towards losing that excess weight that is threatening your life, and reducing your quality of life, just fill out this short form, and we’ll put you in touch with affordable bariatric clinics overseas!

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